Champagne village profile: Buxeuil in the Barséquanais

Diagram Buxeuil 201606Key facts

Located in subregion/area: Côte des Bar / Barséquanais
Vineyards and grape varieties: 136.0 hectares (336.1 acres), of which 80% Pinot Noir, 15% Chardonnay, 1.4% Pinot Meunier, and 4.0% others, most of it probably Pinot Blanc.
Classification: “Autre cru” (80%)

Maps

The map is linked from Wikimedia Commons, and the geographical information originates from OpenStreetMap. The dotted white area corresponds to the vineyards, light yellow is other open terrain, orange is built-up areas, and green indicates forest.

Google Maps view with the villages in the Barséquanais highlighted.

Clicking on a village opens a field to the left with a link to the village profile (if it exists).

Neighbouring villages within the Champagne appellation

North and northwest: Polisy
Northeast: Celles-sur-Ource
South: Neuville-sur-Seine
Southwest: Balnot-sur-Laignes (but across a small strip of land in Polisy and Neuville-sur-Seine)

The church in Buxeuil, Église Saint-Loup. Picture linked from Wikimedia Commons (photo by François Collard, 2009).

The village

Buxeuil is located in the southern part of the Aube departement, at the Seine river. This area is sometimes called the Seine valley, Vallée de la Seine.

The Buxeuil has a surface of 443 hectares and has 143 inhabitants (as of 2013).

Vineyards

The vineyards in Buxeuil are mostly located in a block immediately to the east of the village itself. There is also a separate block further to the east in Buxeuil. The vineyards are continuous with those in the eastern part of Polisy and in Neuville-sur-Seine. The vineyards are dominated by Pinot Noir.

The current vineyard surface in the Buxeuil commune is 136.0 hectares (336.1 acres). There are 108.2 ha Pinot Noir (79.6%), 20.4 ha Chardonnay (15.0%), 1.9 ha Pinot Meunier (1.4%), and 5.5 ha others (4.0%), most of it probably Pinot Blanc. Numbers from CIVC, as of 2013. In 1997, the vineyard surface was 101 ha. There are 43 vineyard owners (exploitants) in the commune.

Single vineyard sites

  • Champ Persin is located in the northern part of the commune, northeast of the village itself, at the border to Polisy. Moutard Père & Fils produces a vineyard-designated Chardonnay from this site.
  • Frion is located in the northeastern part of the commune, close to the borders of both Polisy and Celles-sur-Ource, a short distance east of Champ Persin. Noël Leblond-Lenoir produces a vineyard-designated Chardonnay from this site, under the name Sublime de Frion.

Champagne producers

Major Champagne houses, members of the Union des Maisons de Champagne

  • Moutard-Diligent (NM, alternative website), a house whose Champagnes are mostly labelled Moutard Père & Fils, but sometimes Moutard-Diligent or François Diligent. The labels are very varied. The grapes for the Champagnes are sourced mostly from Buxeuil and Polisy. They have 22 ha of vineyards of their own and an annual production of 420 000 bottles of Champagne. This house is generally seen as having been improving in the 2000s. The range is quite extensive and those listed here are only those that “stand out” in some way or other, which still is rather many. The vintage Champagne is generally a 100% Chardonnay and older vintages are also sold from time to time. Cuvée des 2 Soeurs is composed of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir from a solera, which is shipped Brut Nature. Three vineyard-designated Champagnes are produced, all non-vintage varietal Champagnes: a Chardonnay from the site Champ Persin, a Pinot Noir from the site Vigne Beugneux in Polisy and a rosé Pinot Noir from the site Dame Nesle in Polisy. Four Champagnes contains the rare varieties of the wine region: a non-vintage Pinot Blanc, a non-vintage Trois Pinot composed of Pinot Blanc, Pinot Meunier, and Pinot Noir, Cépage Arbane Vieilles Vignes which is a vintage Arbane Champagne from old vines (0.1 ha planted in 1952) in Polisy (and which long was the only varietal Arbane available; in this blog post fom 2010 I tasted the 2004 version), and Cuvée des 6 Cépages, a vintage cuvée composed of 1/6 each of Arbane, Chardonnay, Petit Meslier, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Meunier, and Pinot Noir. The range also includes a Rosé des Riceys and a Buxeuil Rouge, a still red wine (Coteaux Champenois) from 100% Pinot Noir. Moutard-Diligent also produces various distillery products under the name Derriere les Murs as well as wine from Chablis and parts of northern Burgundy. They have an address for their Burgundy production in Molosomes, slightly over 30 km to the westsouthwest.
    History
    Hyacinthe Diligent started to produce Champagne in 1927 and was also he who started to produce distillery products. Moutard-Diligent was created in 1960 when Lucien Moutard and Josette Diligent put their families’ vineyards together. Today, Moutard-Diligent is led by François Moutard, son of Lucien and Josette, and his two sisters Agnes and Veronique. In 2004 they installed their Burgundy production in Molosme, then from 4 ha. In 2014, the number was 25 ha in Molosmes and Junay, and they were in the process of planting another 5 ha and of expanding into Vaulichères. In some cases they replant vineyards that were abandoned in connection with the Phylloxera epidemic.

    Below a presentation video in French, with some exterior picture from Buxeuil in the beginning.

Champagne houses/négociants

The producer status NM = négociant-manipulant means that purchased grapes can be included in the Champagnes. NM producers can be anything from small producers that supplement their own grapes with some that they buy in, to large Champagne houses that primarily rely on purchased grapes.

  • Gruet (NM), has 14.5 ha of vineyards (information from 2009). The range includes a vintage Champagne and three non-vintage Champagnes from unusual grape varieties: the two varietal Pinot Blanc and Arbane, as well as Cuvée des 3 Blancs which is composed of Arbane, Pinot Blanc, and Chardonnay. Not to be confused with G. Gruet & Fils in Bethon in the Sézannais area. Gruet has also produced Champagnes for the brand Louvel Fontaine (a MA = marque d´acheteur sold by the UK supermarket chain Asda).
  • Charles Legend, a newly started smaller house that seems focused on marketing and that has taken its name from Charles II of England. The Champagnerna are shipped with a low dosage of 4-5 g/l, i.e., they are Extra Brut.

Champagne growers

Producer status is indicated where known: RM = récoltant-manipulant, or grower-producers. RC = récoltant-coopérateur, growers that are cooperative members but sell Champagnes under their own name.

  • Albans d’Aulbe (RM), has 5 ha of vineyards in Buxeuil, Neuville-sur-Seine, Polisy, and Polisot, and an annual production of 25 000 bottles. Led by Jean-Michel Diligent.
  • Vincent Couche (RM), a biodynamical producer and member of Vignerons Indépendants which has received attention for high quality. The Champagnes are also sold under the name Couche. Has 13 ha of vineyard, of which 3 ha Chardonnay in Montgueux and 10 ha in Buxeuil with mostly Pinot Noir. The producer started to convert to biodynamic cultivation in 1999, and has later received organic (AB) and in 2008 biodynamic (Demeter) certification. From 2002, a proportion of vinification in oak barrels has started to be practiced, and some Champagnes without sulfur have been produced since 2008. The non-vintage Champagnes are vinified using 7% to 45% oak barrels, and among the non-vintage there is a Chardonnay de Montgueux. Chloé is a cuvée of 66% Pinot Noir and 34% Chardonnay shipped without the addition of sulfur, i.e., it is a “natural wine”. The vintage Champagne is composed of 50% Pinot Noir and 50% Chardonnay (refers to the 2002 vintage), while the vintage rosé is composed of 83% Pinot Noir and 17% Chardonnay (refers to the 2004 vintage). Older vintage Champagnes are sold under the name Sensation, and these are also composed of 50% Chardonnay and 50% Pinot Noir (or at least the 1997 vintage). Below a presentation video in French with Vincent Couche. The vineyard pictures are from Montgueux.

    • Couche also produces Champagnes for Italian Diadema, who sell them under their own name in bottles decorated with Swarovski crystals, at ambitious prices.
  • André Diligent et Fils (RM), has 10 ha of vineyards in Buxeuil, Polisy, Gyé-sur-Seine, Balnot, and Les Riceys with 80% Pinot Noir, 17% Chardonnay, and 3% Pinot Blanc. The vintage Champagne is composed of 60% Pinot Noir and 40% Chardonnay. The non-vintage Blanc de Blancs is composed of Chardonnay and Pinot Blanc. The company name is La Vignobloise.
  • Christian Diligent (RM), has vineyards in Buxeuil with Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, and a decent proportion of Pinot Blanc. Led by Alexandre Diligent. The regular Brut Tradition is composed of 70% PN, 15% Ch, and 15% Pinot Blanc, while Cuvée Prestige is composed of 60% PN, 20% Ch, and 20% Pinot Blanc. Blanc de Blancs os composed of 50% Chardonnay and 50% Pinot Blanc. Has produced a special-labelled Champagne called J’aime Bitcoin (“I love Bitcoin”) which was launched in fall 2014.
  • Koza-Janot (RM, Facebook page), has 5.92 ha of vineyards.
  • Noël Leblond-Lenoir (RM), has 13 ha of vineyards. The vintage Champagne is composed of 50% Chardonnay and 50% Pinot Noir. The top Champagne, Héritage, is a 100% Pinot Noir. The range includes two vineyard-designated Champagnes: Sublime de Frion is a 100% Chardonnay from the vineyard site Frion and Perle de Dizet is a 100% Pinot Blanc from the vineyard site Dizet.
  • Pascal Leblond-Lenoir (RM), has 10 ha of vineyards with a rather high proportion of Pinot Blanc. The regular Tradition is composed of 60% PN, 21% Ch, and 19% Pinot Blanc, and Grande Réserve is composed of 60% PN, 20% Ch, and 20% Pinot Blanc. Désir de Matthieu os a 100% Pinot Blanc from various vineyard sites. The composition of the vintage Champagne varies: 2008 is composed of 100% Chardonnay and 2009 is composed of 50% Chardonnay and 50% Pinot Noir.
  • Pescheux-Delor

Comment: the list may be incomplete.

Cooperative

When bottles are sold directly by a cooperative the producer status is given as CM = coopérative de manipulation, as opposed to RC when sold by a cooperative member under their own name.

  • Coopérative Vinicole de Neuville-sur-Seine ett de Buxeuil is a cooperative in Neuville-sur-Seine that also has Buxeuil in its name. Their own brand is Clérambault.

Links

© Tomas Eriksson 2016, last update 2016-07-20

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2 Responses to Champagne village profile: Buxeuil in the Barséquanais

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