Vitryat

diagram-vitryat-201701Key facts

Located in the subregion: Côte des Blancs
Vineyards and grape varieties: 458.4 hectares (1132.7 acres), of which 97.5% Chardonnay, 1.3% Pinot Noir, and 1.2% Pinot Meunier.
Villages and classification: 15 villages, all ”autre cru”.
Noted for: Chardonnay
Also called: Coteaux Vitryats

Villages in the Vitryat

  • Bassu: 35.9 ha (97% Ch/2% PM/1% PN/0% others), autre cru (85%)
  • Bassuet: 90.3 ha (96% Ch/3% PM/1% PN/0% others), autre cru (85%)
  • Changy: 12.4 ha (100% Ch/0% PM/0% PN/0% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Couvrot: 21.8 ha (97% Ch/2% PM/1% PN/0% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Glannes: 19.3 ha (97% Ch/0% PM/3% PN/0% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Lisse-en-Champagne: 31.4 ha (99% Ch/0% PM/1% PN/0% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Loisy-sur-Marne: 5.8 ha (100% Ch/0% PM/0% PN/0% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Merlaut: 6.7 ha (100% Ch/0% PM/0% PN/0% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Saint-Amand-sur-Fion: 12.3 ha (100% Ch/0% PM/0% PN/0% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Saint-Lumier-en-Champagne: 32.1 ha (97% Ch/0% PM/3% PN/0% others), autre cru (85%)
  • Val-de-Vière: 31.5 ha (98% Ch/0% PM/2% PN/0% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Vanault-le-Châtel: 33.9 ha (99% Ch/0% PM/0% PN/1% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Vavray-le-Grand: 45.2 ha (99% Ch/0% PM/1% PN/0% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Vavray-le-Petit: 18.0 ha (99% Ch/0% PM/0% PN/1% others), autre cru (84%)
  • Vitry-en-Perthois: 61.8 ha (95% Ch/2% PM/3% PN/0% others), autre cru (85%)

Map


Google Maps view with the villages in the Vitryat highlighted.

Clicking on a village opens a field to the left with a link to the village profile, if there is one.

Neighbouring areas

Vitryat is isolated from the other areas within the Côte des Blancs subregion. To the west, the areas Côte des Blancs, Val du Petit Morin, and Sézannais are located.

Description

The name Vitryat originates from the town Vitry-le-François, which is located in the area but which doesn’t have any vineyards within its communal border. Most Champagne-producing villages in this area are located to the northeast of Vitry-le-François. The area is rather flat, but with some mild hills in the landscape. The name Coteaux Vitryats, i.e., “The hills of Vitryat”, is also used.

In the scheme used by the Union de Maisons de Champagne (UMC), Vitryat is one of 17 areas (“terroirs”) that the Champagne wine region is divided into. These 17 areas are then grouped into four subregions, one of which is also Côte des Blancs. It may be somewhat confusing that there also is an area called Côte des Blancs (i.e., the same name as the subregion), located to the northeast of Sézannais.

Geographically, Vitryat is isolated from the rest of the Côte des Blancs subregion, slightly more than 40 km (25 miles) further to the east. Chardonnay dominates completely in Vitryat.

The soils are mostly limestone with varying proportions of marl. More specifically, mostly Turonian limestone, with white limestone on the upper parts of the slope (with 70% coccolites and limestone) and more marl on the lower part of the slopes.

The Champagne style of the Vitryat

Vitryat is said to yield Chardonnay with a good weight, which is dominated by citrus fruits with some exotic fruit. That description also corresponds what is usually said about the style of Sézannais area.

Plans for future expansion of the area

In the expansion proposed for the Champagne wine region/appellation with 40 new communes (on top of the current 319, while 2 are removed), 5 of the communes are located in this area: Blacy, Bussy-le-Repos, Courdemanges, Huiron, and Soulanges. Three of them (Blacy, Huiron, and Courdemanges) expand the area to the west of Vitry-le-François, north and south of Glannes. Bussy-le-Repos expands the area to the northeast and Soulanges expands it to the north, downstream along the Marne river.

Vingårdar i Bassu. Bilden länkad från Wikimedia Commons (foto Ketounette, 2014).

Vineyards in Bassu. Picture linked from Wikimedia Commons (photo Ketounette, 2014).

Vineyards

The current vineyard surface in the Vitryat (as of 2013 according to CIVC) is 458.4 hectares (1132.7 acres), distributed over 249 vineyard owners (exploitants) in the 15 villages. There are 446.8 ha Chardonnay (97.5%), 5.8 ha Pinot Noir (1.3%), 5.4 ha Pinot Meunier (1.2%), and 0.4 ha others (0.09%).

None of the villages have less than 95.0% Chardonnay in their vineyards.

In 1997, the area had 276 ha of vineyards, so a significant expansion of the vineyard area in Vitryat has taken place.

Vinodlare från Vitryat i samband med Saint-Vincent-firande. Bilden länkad från Wikimedia Commons (foto G.Garitan, 2016).

Winegrowers from Vitryat at Saint-Vincent celebration. Picture linked from Wikimedia Commons (photo G.Garitan, 2016).

Links

© Tomas Eriksson 2017